When we ingest food it breaks down into smaller molecules to be introduced into our cells as fuel. This fuel mixture is determined by the ratio of carbohydrates, proteins and fats we have during our meals. Our fuel mixture is the most important factor to the functionality of the cells. We all have different metabolic requirements and therefore need different fuel mixtures to support our metabolism. If our cells do not get the proper fuel mixture there are a number of negative symptoms that will occur.
These symptoms take place mainly because our blood sugar levels are not balanced. Clinical Nutritionist, Radhia Gleis says, “The human body only carries 1 teaspoon (or 4 grams) of sugar (glucose) in the blood at one time. “ This teaspoon of sugar is used for ATP or energy production for our muscles and organs to perform. The remaining sugar is converted into glycogen by the liver and when the glycogen reserves are full the excess sugar is stored as fat. This whole process is controlled by our endocrine or hormonal system.
Our endocrine system is very sensitive and will respond to how we treat our body. There is a specific hormone called insulin that is secreted by the pancreas when blood sugar is too high in the bloodstream. The way insulin works is it acts as a chemical key when binding to the receptor site on blood cells. Once insulin attaches to the blood cell it will open up to accept the sugar molecule. Insulin not only helps the sugar into the cells, but will signal the body to take the excess sugar left in the bloodstream and store it as fat.
The pancreas also produces another hormone called glucagon. Glucagon is released when blood sugar gets to be too low. Normally our body calls on glucagon when we are in a fasting state in between meals. Glucagon’s role is to turn the stored glycogen into glucose to be used as energy. Glucagon can also get the liver to start converting fat into glucose for energy production. Both insulin and glucagon are extremely important in our digestive process and work together to keep our blood sugar in balance.
The problem that we have today is we eat too many carbohydrates in our diets which create high blood glucose levels. When we have excess glucose in the bloodstream our body sends a message to our endocrine system telling the pancreas to make more insulin. The insulin does not have any cells to bind to because body’s cellular levels are easily filled with the max quantity of a teaspoon of sugar. So the insulin remains in the blood for hours and starts a downward spiral to the way your metabolism functions.
What happens when we have too much insulin in the bloodstream?
For starters we will have immediate physical symptoms of feeling sluggish, moody, mentally drained, and feelings of hunger. That’s right; we will feel hungry even after having a meal because the insulin now wants to bind to sugar and leave the bloodstream. This leads to excess calories and weight gain. Eating an unbalanced diet over time will lead to a more acidic PH and chronic diseases. High sugar levels in the body can cause the cells to become resistant to insulin which is a disease that we call type 2 diabetes. High sugar levels in the blood can also lead to problems with high cholesterol, high triglycerides, and heart disease.
The key to balancing metabolism is to eat meals that are tailored to your system’s fuel requirements. You need to have essential proteins, essential fatty acids, and complex carbohydrates. Complex carbs take longer to break down because of their long molecular chains and fiber content. Eating a diet rich in complex carbs and healthy proteins will reduce your insulin levels and stimulate glucagon raising your metabolism and burning more fat. So choose the fish and asparagus over the chips and sodas to be one step closer to balancing your blood sugar and balancing your metabolism.
The content in this article is for educational purposes and has not been evaluated by the FDA. This content is my view and is not intended to diagnose any symtpoms or diseases. I am a certified practitioner of nutrition practioner. I am not a licensed physician nor are nutritional services licenced by the state. For more information about our this topic or fitness and nutrition program visit www.PinnacleFitnessBootcamp.com